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Study: Illegal Child Labor in the United States
Sponsored by The Associated Press

Appendix A: Coding of Hazardous Occupations

The Fair Labor Standards Act restricts hours of employment for those age 14 and 15 to no more than 18 hours in a school week and 40 hours in a non-school week. In addition it restricts work in 17 hazardous occupations for those age 17 or under, with additional restrictions for those age 15 or under. The restricted occupations, and the CPS codes used to identify them for this study, are as follows.

FLSA hazardous occupation CPS occupation code

Restricted for all age 17 or under:

Restricted for 14- and 15-year-olds:


{1} Other than the occupations involving operation of manufacturing/processing machines or work in mining (covered above), no occupations specifically identify work performed where the employee is in close physical proximity to manufacturing, mining, or processing.

{2} Messengers are identified by CPS code 357, but these are not coded as necessarily illegal because it includes a potentially large number of private (within-firm) messengers.


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