En español


The land that rose from the sea along Patagonia's eastern edge millions of years ago now nurtures remarkable marine life in its sheltering waters and on its shore. The flat steppe extends its jagged ledge over 1000 mi/1600 km along the South Atlantic Ocean.

The waters there combine the warm ocean current of Brazil to the north with the cold current from Islas Malvinas (Falklands Islands) to create an underwater world of unusual diversity. The seas hold vast amounts of plankton, algae, crustaceans and fish, food for one of the largest breeding areas for marine life on earth, as well as myriad species of sea birds.

Southern elephant seals, found only in the southern hemisphere, breed exclusively on Península Valdés in the South Atlantic and on the Indian Ocean coast. Other families of marine mammals, including the southern sea lions and southern fur seals, number in the hundreds and colonies of them stretch for mile upon mile of beach.

The largest of the marine mammals, the southern right whale, returns to the coast each year to breed in its calm waters before returning to the high seas. They share these waters with orcas, also known as killer whales, and dolphins. Most abundant, however, are the Magellanic penguins that number nearly a million.

Copyright © 1995-2024 PANGAEA. All Rights Reserved.